tomcat Posts

Weird Netbeans Error : java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space

I found this error when deploying my Netbeans application directly to Apache Tomcat, i think it happen because of lack of memory needed to deploy it. I resolve it by adding these on server’s vm options

-Xmx1024m -Xms256m -XX:MaxPermSize=512m

Hope it helped others 🙂

Setup Apache Tomcat and Ubuntu VM on Windows Azure

Recently i got a project which need me to deploy on a cloud infrastructure. After spending some time finding the right cloud provider, finally i choose Microsoft’s product Windows Azure. According to Wikipedia, Windows Azure is a Microsoft cloud computing platform used to build, host and scale web applications through Microsoft data centers.

Actually, i was a little suprised because Microsoft provided Ubuntu Server images for its VM OS selection. I tought the only OS available for Mcrosoft’s cloud platform would be from windows server family.

Okay, first i start by picking New Virtual Machine,and pick Ubuntu from list of Virtual Machines.

Next is selecting your VM name, username and password, and your virtual machine’s size, For this example, im trying a small size server.

Select your DNS name and region and your availability set. Finish your configuration, and start creating your Ubuntu VM on Azure.

Next is connect to your Ubuntu via SSH, and start downloading apache tomcat using this command.

sudo apt-get install tomcat7

It will install Apache Tomcat 7, and start your tomcat using this command,

sudo services tomcat7 start

check whether your Tomcat’s port (8080) has opened yet or not,

netstat -aon | grep 8080

Next is adding your tomcat port to your VM’s endpoints.

After youve add your endpoint, it’s time to test your tomcat server. Try accessing your public virtual ip address via browser and see whether your Tomcat Server is ready. 😉

Error “java.lang.ClassNotFoundException:” When Deploying GWT Application

Today i’ve met a very weird error when trying to deploy my GWT application to my tomcat 7,

SEVERE: Exception while dispatching incoming RPC call Service method 'public abstract java.util.List LoginService.getUtilDao(java.lang.String,java.util.Map)' 
threw an unexpected exception: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: com/ibm/icu/text/SimpleDateFormat
	at encodeResponseForFailure(
	at invokeAndEncodeResponse(
	at invokeAndEncodeResponse(
	at org.gwtrpcspring.RemoteServiceDispatcher. invokeAndEncodeResponse(
	at org.gwtrpcspring.RemoteServiceDispatcher. processCall(
	at RemoteServiceServlet.processPost(
	at AbstractRemoteServiceServlet.doPost(

which somehow, never happen on my development mode. After searching and trying various workarounds for several hours, i finally make it work by adding icu4j.jar. Well despite icu4j.jar’s size is more than 3mb, at least i’ve make my application running well. Thank God 😉

A Simple HTTPS Configuration Example on Apache Tomcat 6

This idea comes suddenly on my head while i was reading a question on Kaskus’ programmer forum about how to setup a https connection on Apache Tomcat, thats why today im trying to write a simple how-to example on creating a simple HTTPS connection using Apache Tomcat 6. Who knows perhaps someone would find it useful.

Let’s start with creating a simple certificate file using keytool.exe

C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.6.0_19\bin>keytool.exe -genkey -alias tomcat -keyalg RSA -keystore edw.jks

after you insert your keystore password (i entered “secret” as my password) and several simple questions such as “What is your first and last name?”, it would create a file.

What you need to do next is to link your certificate to Tomcat’s server.xml configuration. This is what i add to my server.xml configuration.

<Connector port="8443" protocol="HTTP/1.1" SSLEnabled="true"
               maxThreads="150" scheme="https" secure="true"
               clientAuth="false" sslProtocol="TLS" keystoreFile="D:\edw.jks" 
               keystorePass="secret" />
<!-- keystorePass use the same password -->

And i also add this to my web.xml file, located under my tomcat’s conf folder

			<web-resource-name>Automatic SLL Forwarding</web-resource-name>

This is what my page will look like,

Hope it would help others, cheers (B)

How to Create a Simple Servlet to Handle JSon Requests

On this example, im trying to create a simple servlet to handle JSon request. Im using this servlet to handle JSon request from my front end such as web or even desktop application. Thanks to GSon library, it really helped on simplifying javabean convert to json strings and the other way around.

First as usual, a simple java bean to handle request and response format

package com.edw.bean;

public class Student {
    private String name;
    private int age;
    private byte gender;

	// other setter and getter
package com.edw.bean;

public class Status {
    private boolean success;
    private String description;
	// other setter and getter

And this is my servlet,

package com.edw.servlet;

import com.edw.bean.Status;
import com.edw.bean.Student;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

public class JsonParserServlet extends HttpServlet {

    protected void processRequest(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws ServletException, IOException {
        Gson gson = new Gson();

        try {
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            String s;
            while ((s = request.getReader().readLine()) != null) {

            Student student = (Student) gson.fromJson(sb.toString(), Student.class);

            Status status = new Status();
            if (student.getName().equalsIgnoreCase("edw")) {
            } else {
                status.setDescription("not edw");
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Status status = new Status();

    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
            throws ServletException, IOException {
        processRequest(request, response);

This is a screenshot on how my message actually look like

Have Fun (H)